SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th concerning the armed conflict and the situation in act in the Middle East in the Syria.

SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th
on the question inherent at the situation of crisis in the Middle East over the conflict in course in the Syria. The activities of combat and hostilities in the Syria and in particular in the province and in the city of Idlib.
(AM-Anti Meridian Hours Session of Works).

United Nations, New York, the 19th of february 2020

of Benedetto Loprete

The crisis in Syria likely to turn to a catastrophic level unless that the global community swiftly united and mobilized all the tools to end this conflict by this time during from nine-years-long in this country, the Senior United Nations Officials have warned to the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations.
The representatives of the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic blame the sanctions for hindering the anti-terrorism efforts, as the other parties and representatives say that the “Astana Process” no longer works.

SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th on the question inherent at the situation of crisis in the Middle East over the conflict in course in the Syria. The humanitarian situation in the Syria.

The humanitarian crisis still unfolding in Syria will probably deteriorate in a catastrophic manner unless that the global community swiftly united and mobilized all the tools to end this conflict by this time during from nine-years-long in this country, the Senior United Nations Officials have warned to the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations today.
Her Excellency Honourable Ambassador Mr. Geir Otto Pedersen, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Syria has briefed referring and replying to the members by video-teleconference, saying «there has been no progress since from the last Meetings held» during whose course he had addressed talking to the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations two weeks ago, citing that the ongoing of the military operations in course in the gouvernorate of the province and of the city of Idlib and in the north-western region of the Syrian Arab Republic have held in violation of the ceasefire agreements so as the terrorist attacks and actions against the civilians and alarming the humanitarian and the health conditions.

More than 900,000 people have been displaced in the province and in the city of Idlib since the 1st of december 2019, and the children are died because of the cold and of the frozen temperatures, he has reported. Meanwhile, the Constitutional Committee has remained deadlocked, reflecting a stalled process that could have fostered trust and advanced a sustainable solution to the conflict in course. «We are coming over a long way from finding and searching the way to ensure that the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people for the peace, for the security, for the stability and for a better future that could be realized», he has added. He has urged directed to the “key” international players «to intensify the contacts in order to restore the calm on the ground», he has called upon the members representatives of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations «to throw their weight behind the quest for a political way forward», he has said, emphasizing that much more must be done to ensure the implementation of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations.

The violences, the tortures and the situations of the deprivation, the violations and the not-respecting the essential and the fundamental human rights in act and in phase of heavy, hard and severe deterioration and degradation forced to the displacement ousted off from their cities and countries of origin and or residence and from their homes and to flee or submitted to forms of arbitrary detention in facilities, prisons, barracks and in military facilities, prisons, barracks and deprivated to be assisted legally by lawyers and aided for their health and care in health care facilities and hospitals, these structures are militarized and monitored by army, air military forces, police and military police, civil and military services of control and of security and “shabiha” militias and mercenaries militias and militiamen for the gouvernment and also by counterparts, militias and militiamen armed rebel fighters and also for the rebels and damaged, destroyed in hard severe manner and the peoples taking concrete and severe risks and dangers of being imprisoned and persecuted, tortured, mutilated and killed in a bloody and cruel, criminal and barbaric manner.

Her Excellency Honourable Ambassador Mr. Mark Lowcock, the Under-Secretary-General for the Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator of the United Nations also he has held in the course of the briefing during his intervention, illustrating and providing an overview of the situation on the ground concerning the activities of combat and the humanitarian conditions over the battlefield to the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations. He has reported that because of the air and of the ground-based strikes have been carried out in the north-western region of the Syria have been killed at least 100 (one-hundred) civilians, including 35 (thirty-five) children, in the days intercurrent between the 1st and the 16th of the month of february of the year 2020, he has noted that more than the 90 per cent of those deaths have been occurred in areas not controlled by the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic. He has added that 160,000 (one-hundred sixty thousand) people were recorded as fleeing and ousted off from the areas of the front lines from the 13th to the 16th of february 2020, with almost 50,000 (fifty-thousand) of them sheltering under trees or in open spaces. While the deliveries of the aid from the Turkey continue, the agencies are overwhelmed. In the next few days, the Office of the Special Envoy for the Syria will publish a revised appeal that which require the efforts to grant the allocation of the resources and of the contributions going as far as guaranteeing the sum of $ 500 million of dollars overall, an increase compared to the previously estimated and requested amount of $ 336 million of dollars announced on the 6th of february 2020 – to help at least 1.1 million of Syrians, he has said.

As the delegates have took the floor, the representative of the United States of America has cited the several media headlines describing the current situation as “the end of the world” and as “the breaking point”. Noting that a million of people have been displaced in the past 90 (ninety) days, she has demanded: «How much longer do we tolerate those headlines?» The representative of the Russian Federation has spoke with a straight face about a ceasefire while the assault and combat warplanes of the aviation army of his country have bombed the hospitals, she has said, adding that the United Nations has outsourced multiple and remarkable efforts searching and calling to persuade at the sense of the accountability and of the responsibility to end the violences of the countries of the “Astana group” – the countries of the Russian Federation, Iran and Turkey. It is the time for all the Organizations to must took the full charge, implementation and integration to promote the solutions for the end of the hostilities, of the combats and of the war and to search to achieve the pursuit and the fulfillment of these efforts since the “Astana process” have been failed, she has said, warning that the United States of America will spare no any effort to isolate the regime of the President Bashar al-Assad, both diplomatically and economically.

Concurring, the representative of the United Kingdom has noted that, while 13 (thirteen) or 14 (fourteen) members of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations are willing to act, the Russian Federation uses its veto power to prevent their action. She has called upon that the country at the sense of the accountability and of the responsibility to end its support for the syrian gouvernment while expressing disappointment over the current impasse within the Constitutional Committee.

The representative of the France has said that the syrian gouvernmental regime is responsible for the situation of the current impasse, adding that the intention of its attacks in act in the province and in the city of Idlib is clear – to take the gouvernorate of this province and of this city with the force, without any negotiations, no matter the cost. He has called upon that the Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations for the Syria to inform the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations when he can no longer to move the Constitutional Committee process forward, emphasizing that the support of the France at and for all the efforts to end the impunity in Syria for these actions of aggression and of violence over the civilians, over the populations.

The representative of the Germany has described that the situation in act as the biggest humanitarian tragedy and horror of the twenty-first century are being in course at the actual and present moment. The “Astana formula” no longer works, he has said, echoing the representative of the United States of America, adding that it is the time for the Secretary-General of the United Nations «to step up to the plate».

However, the representative of the Russian Federation has rejected those remarks, insisting that the “Astana process” is the right approach. Recalling that the Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations for the Syria has recently visited Damascus to help advance progress, he has characterized the imposition of some “ready-made” solutions as a violation of the international law. He went on to point out that the western sanctions are hindering the rebuilding of the hospitals and of the schools, while reminding at the members that it took a day for the syrian gouvernmental regime authorities to respond to a request of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations for an alternative cross-border route for the delivery of the aid, yet the Office for the Coordination of the Humanitarian Affairs has remained silent about the offer of the responsible of the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic. The Russian Federation will not end its support for the legitimate gouvernment of the Syrian Arab , he has stressed.

The representative of the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic has said that the gouvernment of his his country will continue in the action of fighting the terrorism, including the activities and the operations of contrast, restore and recover of the security and of the control in the province and in the city of Idlib, and has already liberated many areas from the armed control and siege of the terrorists. Unfortunately, some gouvernments have imposed the sanctions aimed at hindering that these efforts, he has said. Calling upon at the activities developed and ruled by the humanitarian organizations to provide the aid instead of publishing reports that do not reflect the reality, he has expressed the disappointment that some agencies are not delivering the medical supplies across certain borders. More broadly, he has stressed that all the members representatives of the states must respect the unity, the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic.

The representative of the Dominican Republic has emphasized that there must be a way to find a midpoint from which to deal with the alarming situation on the ground and advance the political process. There are 900,000 (nine-hundred thousand) people have been displaced in the province and in the city of Idlib since the 1st of december 2019, and the children are died because of the cold and of the frozen temperatures, these are the reasons to find this midpoint and the mode to discuss to think to plan to conclude this conflict and this war, he has said, noting that the civilians are suffering for the massive scale of the destructions and of the deprivations and also for the conditions of the life and of the health because of and in consenquences of this conflict and of this war, of the violences and of the tortures inflicted and perpetrated on the civilians and on the populations. The history will judge the actions of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations or lack thereof, he has declared.

The representative of the Turkey has said that his country will continue in the action of working with the partners to address the humanitarian concerns. Noting that the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic has carried out in relentless manner the activities and the operations of the air and of the ground attacks that are continued under the pretext of combating the terrorism, he has said that the army, the aviation army, the mercenaries and the militiamen of the syrian gouvernmental authoristies and of the gouvernment have killed more than 1,700 (one-thousand seven-hundred) civilians since the month of may of the year 2019. Such of these actions constitute in committing war crimes and crimes against the humanity, he has said, adding that the Turkey will continue in committing the actions of working and operating with the Russian Federation to ensure that the Syria complies with the existing frameworks on the gouvernatorate of the province and of the city of Idlib.

The representative of the South Africa has advised and urged the external powers to end their support for all the armed groups and to stop the using the conflict as a proxy for the advancement of their own interests.

Also have spoken today the representatives of the Indonesia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Popular Republic of the China, Niger, Viet Nam, Estonia, Tunisia and Belgium.

The meeting began at the 10:02 a.m. and ended at the 12:07 p.m..

Briefings:

Her Excellency Honourable Ambassador Mr. Geir Otto Pedersen, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Syria has briefed by the system of the video-teleconference from the Office of Geneva of the United Nations, reporting that there has been no any form of progress since he has addressed the report inherent at the situation in act in the country of the Syrian Arab Republic and in the province of and in the city of Idlib the last time to the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations two weeks ago. Reiterating the recall of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for an immediate ceasefire in north-west of the Syrian Arab Republic and in the province of and in the city of Idlib, he has said that in hard and heavy manner have been continued the air and the ground strikes, triggering a rapid degradation and deterioration of the humanitarian and of the health situations and conditions, and because of it has been displaced 900,000 (nine-hundred thousand) civilians since the 1st of the month of december of the year 2019. The hostilities and the combats are approached and are concentrated in heavy manner in the most populated areas and the young children are died because of the cold and of frozen temperatures and still for the deprivation, for the starvation and for the denutrition, he has added, warning about the potential and ulterior further mass displacements and even greater catastrophic human sufferings.
On the ground over the battlefield the gouvernment of Syrian Arab Republic has regained the control of the eastern side of the “M5” highway, he has continued. At the same time, violent confrontations between turkish and syrian gouvernmental armed forces were observed near Idlib, where the terrorist groups maintained the major presence. As sponsors and promoters of the de-escalation arrangements in the gouvernatorate of the province and of the city of Idlib, the Turkey and the Russian Federation can and must play a major role in finding the ways and the modes to de-escalate this conflictual situation, he has said emphasizing that it is needed the sense and the conscience for a major accountability and responsibility for the serious international cooperation could produce a solution for Idlib that addresses the threat posed by terrorist groups without causing unacceptable humanitarian sufferings.
Worrying the developments elsewhere have included and determined renewed hostilities that have been reported in rural province of the gouvernatorate of Aleppo, Afrin and other areas, as well as the resurgence and the recrudescence of the islamic state of Iraq and of the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) in the north-eastern region and provinces, he has reported. In the last week, a syrian military statement has reported that the gouvernment forces has responded to “enemy missiles” launched from the occupied syrian territories of the Golan, he has said, adding that the unresolved tensions involving the United States-led coalition and other actors persist in the north-eastern region. The conflict is cause of immense humanitarian suffering and dramatic consequences, he has reiterated, noting also that the economy continues to face challenges.
All of these developments are the reminders that the conflict is compromising the sovereignty, the territorial integrity and the independence of the Syria he has said adding: «We are a long way from find and achieve a way to ensure that the legitimate aspirations of the syrian people for the peace, the security and a better future are realized». Expressing the hope that the launch of the Constitutional Committee could open the door for building trust, he has pledged to remain fully engaged in the efforts to unlock progress on the political track, while continuing to engage the parties to the conflict. He went on to report that he has recently hosted the working group on the release of the detainees and of the inmated – comprising the Iran, the Russian Federation and the Turkey – in the Office of Geneva of the United Nations.
A progress is essential to building trust, but the lasting political settlement, in accordance with the dispositions of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations, needs of a broader process, he has said. Given that the levels of violences on the ground, as well as the human sufferings and heightened international tensions over Syria, an immediate priority is to reverse a set of dynamics that could further undermine trust, entrench divisions and render any political process even more difficult. There is need to find a way forward on the basis of reciprocal and mutually reinforcing actions, he has said, adding that he will continue to pursue that discussion with the gouvernment, the opposition and the international stakeholders.
The chronic sufferings of syrians are a reminder that such a political approach is the only sustainable way forward, he has said, stressing that much more must be done to implement the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations, given the dire situation. Urging in the sense of the full respect for the international humanitarian law and for an immediate ceasefire inthe gouvernatorate of the province and of the city of Idlib, he has called upon that the key international players to intensify the contacts in order to restore the calm, and the members of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations to put their weight behind the search for a political way forward.

SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th.
Intervention of Her Excellency Honourable Ambassador Mr. Geir Otto Pedersen, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Syria on the question inherent at the situation of crisis in the Middle East over the conflict in course in the Syria.

Her Excellency Honourable Ambassador Mr. Mark Lowcock, the Under-Secretary-General for the Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator of the United Nations has reported that the air and the ground-based strikes developed and ruled in the north-western region of the Syria have killed at least 100 (one hundred) civilians, including 35 (thirty-five) children, in the days intercurrent between the 1st and the 16th of the month of february of the year 2020, according to the Office of the United Nations of the High Commissioner for the Human Rights (OHCHR). More than the 90 per cent of these deaths have been occurred in areas that have not been under the control of the gouvernment, he has said, noting that the advancing of the front lines in the province and in the city of Idlib and in the western province of Aleppo have caused huge population movements in the corse of few days the families have tried to escape from the relentless air and ground bombardments. From from the 13th to the 16th of february 2020 160,000 (one-hundred sixty thousand) people were recorded as fleeing mostly from the subdistricts of the cities of Asareb and of Daret Azza, away from the front lines, he has reported, adding that nearly 900,000 (nine-hundred thousand) have been displaced, including more than 500,000 (five-hundred thousand) are children, since the 1st of the month of december of the year 2019.
He went on to the report that almost 50,000 (fifty thousand) people are sheltering under the trees or in other open spaces, noting that the babies and the other young children are died because of the cold and the frozen temperatures and still for the deprivation, for the starvation and for the denutrition. «I imagine the grief of a parent who has escaped from a war zone with their child, only to watch that child freeze to death», he has said, adding that 72 (seventy two) hospitals and other health-care facilities have ceased the activities and the operations since the month of december of the year 2019. While the humanitarian activities and operations of assistance and of care along the cross-borders continue to provide assistance from the Turkey, the aid efforts are overwhelmed. He has said that, in the next few days, his office will publish a revised appeal requiring will publish a revised appeal that which require the efforts to grant the allocation of the resources and of the contributions going as far as guaranteeing the sum of $ 500 million of dollars overall, an increase compared to the previously estimated and requested amount of $ 336 million of dollars announced on the 6th of february 2020 – to help at least 1.1 million of Syrians, he has said. He has remebered the circumstance recalling that the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations has voted unanimously in favour of a 30 (thirty) days of ceasefire in Syria two years ago, he has expressed support for the renewed call substained yesterday by the Secretary-General of the United Nations for an immediate ceasefire and for upholding at the respect of the international humanitarian laws and conventions.

SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th.
Intervention of Her Excellency Honourable Ambassador Mr. Mark Lowcock, the Under-Secretary-General for the Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator of the United Nations on the question inherent at the situation of crisis in the Middle East over the conflict in course in the Syria. The activities of combat and hostilities in the Syria and in particular in the province and in the city of Idlib.

Statements:

KELLY CRAFT (United States of America) has cited the several media headlines describing the current situation as “the end of the world” and as “the breaking point”. She also has noted the circumstance that the media have reported the standoff that they have came to between the Russian Federation and the Turkey and have left the syrian country in a state of chaos. A million people have been displaced in the past 90 (ninety) days, she has said, demanding: «How much longer do we tolerate these headlines?» The representative of the Russian Federation has spoke with a straight face about a ceasefire while the assault and combat warplanes of the aviation army of his country have bombed the hospitals, she has said and added. The has outsourced multiple and remarkable efforts searching and calling to persuade at the sense of the accountability and of the responsibility to end the violences of the countries of the “Astana group” – the countries of the Russian Federation, Iran and Turkey – and it is time for the Organization to must took the full charge, implementation and integration to promote the solutions for the end of the hostilities, of the combats and of the war and to search to achieve the pursuit and the fulfillment of these efforts since the “Astana process” have been failed. She has said that, in the coming days, the United States of America no any effort to isolate the regime of the President Bashar al-Assad, both diplomatically and economically.

CHRISTOPH HEUSGEN (Germany) has described that the situation in act as the biggest humanitarian tragedy and horror of the twenty-first century are being in course at the actual and present moment. Echoing the representative of the United States of America, he has said that the “Astana formula” no longer works and it is time for the Secretary-General of the United Nations to “step up to the plate”. Emphasizing that there are no military solutions to the conflict in course, he has noted that the Syrian Arab Republic and the Russian Federation are trying to prove the opposite – that there is indeed a military solution. However, there is no alternative to the political process, he has reiterated, urging to Moscow to end its support for the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic.

KAREN PIERCE (United Kingdom of the Great Brtitain and of the Northern Ireland) has asked that the representatives of the Russian Federation and of the Syrian Arab Republic how they can continue to carry out the attacks and what they are doing to protect the civilians and the medical facilities and hospitals when the international community, except three countries, have condemned what is going on in the province and in the city of Idlib. While while 13 (thirteen) or 14 (fourteen) members of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations are willing to act, the Russian Federation uses its veto power to prevent their action, she has noted and remarked. At the same time, the Turkey has made some efforts to ease tensions and is hosting millions of fleeing refugees and displaced people. She has called upon that the Russian Federation to end its support for the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic, and for an immediate ceasefire. As for the political process, she has expressed disappointment for the impasse in act in the Constitutional Committee, as well as hope for the efforts to overcome that “roadblock”.

JOSÉ SINGER WEISINGER (Dominican Republic) has said that a negotiated political solution depends on reconvening the Constitutional Committee, emphasizing that there must be a way to find a midpoint from which to deal with the alarming situation on the ground and advance the political process. Noting that there are 900,000 (nine-hundred thousand) people have been displaced in the province and in the city of Idlib since the 1st of december of the year 2019, and the children are died because of the cold and of the frozen temperatures, these are the reasons to find this midpoint and the mode to discuss to think to plan to conclude this conflict and this war, he has said, the civilians are suffering on a mass scale and a complete ceasefire in the north-east must end these sufferings. He has called for all the efforts to re-establish the calm, he has said that the fight against the terrorism in the province and in the city of Idlib cannot be conducted in the present way and manner, stressing that the civilians must be protected and the humanitarian workers granted access to those most in need. «We must break the cycle and make progress» in the Constitutional Committee, he has reiterated, underlining that the history will judge the actionsof the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations or lack thereof, he has declared.

DIAN TRIANSYAH DJANI (Indonesia) has said that the re-establishing the calm on the ground is the key to advancing in the works of the Constitutional Committee. Emphasizing the importance of avoiding provocative rhetoric or actions, he has called for the avoidance of the unnecessary actions that could complicate and provoke matters further. «We must focus on saving the lives of the people», he has stressed. «Concrete actions are needed to end the suffering of the Syrian people, and it can begin from this Council», he has added, reiterating: «Let us be united in saving people’s lives».

HARSHANA GOOLAB (South Africa), recognizing the right of the gouvenment of the Syrian Arab Republic to restore the control over its entire territory, she has expressed concerns about the conflict in act and in course in the north-western region and provinces of this country. She has urged that external Powers to end their support for the armed groups and to stop using the conflict as a proxy for the advancement of their own interests. Concerning that the political process, she has urged all the members of the Constitutional Committee to make a concerted effort to agree and to establish on an agenda for a genuine discussion on the drafting of a constitution that will form the essential component of a sustainable solution to the conflict in act and in course. She went on to emphasize the importance of building the trust, encouraging all the sides to engage in this effort.

INGA RHONDA KING (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) has said that continuing along the current military path will neither end the conflict nor accomplish and achieve the objectives planned and fixed with the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations. Further, it will neither end the humanitarian crisis nor restore stability of the Syrian Arab Republic. Joining at the other delegations in calling for an immediate ceasefire in the north-western region and provinces of the country, she has welcomed all the efforts to the broker an end to the violences. She went on to emphasize the need to respect the sovereignty, the independence, the unity, the territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic and the right to self-determination, while expressing the support for the confidence-building measures like resolving the issue of missing and detained and inmated persons as the key to the success of the constitutional, gouvernmental and political process.

WU HAITAO (Popular Republic of the China) has said that his delegation will continue to help the advance the political process, in accordance with the dispositions of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations. Emphasizing the need to focus on using the Constitutional Committee as a platform for the support of the constitutional, gouvernmental and political process. The differences among the parties must be resolved through the dialogue, he has said, stressing the need to create the conditions for this in the course of the works of the Constitutional Committee. Turning to the other concerns, he has saidthat the terrorism must be eradicated to create a favourable environment for the constitutional, gouvernmental and political process. Noting that the acute problems that the terrorist groups and the foreign terrorist fighters are causing in Syrian Arab Republic, he has said that the long-term solutions to the problems in the province and in the city of Idlib must be found. He went on to urge the international community to increase humanitarian assistance and to the United Nations to continue to provide shelter for displaced persons, encouraging enhanced communication and coordination with the Syrian Gouvernment on the delivery of the aid.

ABDOU ABARRY (Niger), emphasizing that the protection of the said civilians must be a priority, called upon the parties to exercise the maximum restraint and to work towards re-establishing the calm on the ground. The political and the humanitarian conditions and situations cannot be handled independently, he has said, adding that the conflict must be resolved on a political footing. Calling upon all the parties to respect the ceasefire, he has said now it is the time to act. the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations must rise to shoulder its accountabilities and responsibilities, he has added.

DANG DINH QUY (Viet Nam) has said that a comprehensive and credible solution, in accordance with the dispositions of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations, is the only way to restore the peace in the Syrian Arab Republic. While welcoming the ongoing discussions, he has expressed his delegation’s regret to note the lack of progress, month after month. The Viet Nam is deeply concerned about the escalation of the combats and of the hostilities in act and in course in the north-western region and provinces of the Syrian Arab Republic, he has added, pointing out that in the longer term of time the conflict continues, the graver of the suffering of the innocent civilians becomes. All the parties must exercise the maximum restraints to avoid any further degradation and deterioration of the situation, he has said, stressing that, despite the imperatives are fight the terrorism, protect the civilians and prevent their sufferings must always be a priority for all. the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations and the broader international community must continue to support all the further diplomatic efforts to find a way to end the conflict, he has reiterated.

VASSILY A. NEBENZIA (Russian Federation) has asked why the Emergency Relief Coordinator was invited to brief to the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations today, especially after the latter has already discussed the humanitarian conditions and situation in act in the Syrian Arab Republic twice this month. In the next time, the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations should invite the High Representative for the Disarmament Affairs, he has said. Turning to the political track, he has said that his own country, as well as the Turkey and the Iran have facilitated the establishment of the Constitutional Committee, recalling that the Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations for the country for the country of the United Nations has recently visited Damascus to help and to invite to advance that process. This is the right approach, he has said, rejecting the remarks by a several number of delegations about the “Astana process” and emphasizing that imposing ready-made solutions is a violation of the international law and conventions. He went on to caution that the Council-designated terrorist group “Hayat Tahrir al-Sham” remains a major challenge to the protection of civilians in the province and in the city of Idlib, warning against attempts to protect such terrorists. He has noted that the schools in the areas are not under the control of the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic and have been turned into the military posts armed with western weapons, and reminded members that he explained the Russian military’s efforts to protect civilians during the last meeting on the Syrian Arab Republic. The reconstruction that will be operated in the times following the phases of the “post-conflict” must start today, he has emphasized, while warning that western sanctions are hindering the rebuilding of the hospitals and of the schools. He also reminded that the members that it took a day for the syrian gouvernmental authorities to respond to a request of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations for an alternative cross-border route for delivery of the aid, yet the United Nations, namely the Office for the Coordination of the Humanitarian Affairs, has remained silent on the offer of the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic. Responding to the address of the representative of the Germany, he has stressed that the Russian Federation will not end its support for the legitimate Gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic.

SVEN JÜRGENSON (Estonia) has said that it is unfortunate that the syrian regime and the Russian Federation have chosen a military solution over a political one. It is a grave mistake, he has added, noting that the so-called “liberation” of the demolished cities is one thing, but actually to rebuild a country is a completely different matter. «Our Syrian colleagues here need to understand that Russian and Iranian bullets will not feed their nation», he has said, emphasizing that the Estonia and the other members of the European Union remain fully committed to finding a lasting and credible political solution to conclude the conflict, as defined in the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations.

TAREK LADEB (Tunisia) has emphasized the need to accord priority to de-escalation all the efforts leading to a ceasefire. Ongoing the contacts between the Russian Federation and the Turkey and the United Nations must result in effective solutions that exclude the terrorist groups. Calling for the resumption of the works of the Constitutional Committee this month, he has urged all the sides to find a common denominator without preconditions, stressing in that regard the vital need for the confidence-building measures such as the release of detainees and inmated persons.

NICOLAS DE RIVIÈRE (France) has condemned the recent bombardments and called for a concerted action to address the unprecedented humanitarian crisis. Emphasizing the need to prevent an escalation of the present situation, he has said that it is the collective accountability and responsibility of the international community to mobilize all the parties and resources in a united manner to achieve and to implement a sustainable ceasefire in the province and in the city of Idlib. If the “Astana guarantors” cannot do that, then such the collective efforts must be, he has stressed, calling upon the members of the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations who have a direct influence on the syrian regime to end the massacre in this gouvernorate of the province and of the city of Idlib. He also called upon the Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations for the country to submit some proposals to this end, noting that guaranteeing a ceasefire would create the necessary environment to advance a credible political process. He went on to express the great concern of his delegation over the lack of progress in the works of the Constitutional Committee, urging that the United Nations to play its part in this regard. Meanwhile, the syrian regime is responsible for the current condition and situation of impasse, he has said, stressing that the intention of its attacks in the province and in the city of Idlib is clear – to take the area by force, without negotiations, no matter the cost. Calling upon to the Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations for the country to inform the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations when he can no longer move the Constitutional Committee process forward, he has said that the France supports all the efforts to find a political solution and to end the impunity in Syria, which is essential to forging a lasting peace. In the meantime, the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations must be able to overcome its paralysis, he has added.

MARC PECSTEEN DE BUYTSWERVE (Belgium), the President of the Security Council of the United Nations for the month of february, spoke in his national capacity, for his diplomatic, consular and political national and international accountabilities and responsibilities, emphasizing that in no case can the anti-terrorism efforts exonerate the parties from their obligations at the respect of the international agreements, conventions and laws and at the respect of the basically, elementary, essential and fundamental human rights. Concerning about at the question of the international dimension of the conflict in course in the Syrian Arab Republic, the Belgium calls upon all the parties to exercise all the restraints amid the present rising tensions, he has said. The “Astana format” is not working, and it is up of the capacities and of the diplomatic, consular and political international accountabilities and responsibilities of the United Nations, of the Secretary General of the United Nations, of the Security Council of the United Nations and of the Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations for the country to pursue an immediate, lasting ceasefire in order to protect the civilians and the populations. Ending the hostilities is essential to advancing progress of the works in the Constitutional Committee, he has said, reiterating that a credible political solution, in accordance with the Resolution no. 2254(2015) of the 18th of december 2015 of the Security Council of the United Nations, is the only path towards stability.

Mrs. KAREN PIERCE (United Kingdom of the Great Britain and of the Northern Ireland) took the floor in a course of a second time, affirming that her delegation does indeed listen carefully to any statements issued by the Russian Federation. Reiterating her question as to why the attacks were conducted, she went on to emphasize that the perpetrators of these crimes will be held personally accountable and responsible one day. She went on to state that the United Kingdom has given $ 2 billion of dollars to the Syrian Arab Republic, adding that since the reconstruction costs are mounting amid the ongoing attacks, destruction and devastation, it will be for the russian and possibly the chinese taxpayers to foot the ever-growing the costs and the charges.

Mr. LOUAY FALLOUH (Syrian Arab Republic), pointing out that the Security Council of the United Nations has met six times in 20 (twenty) days to examine the situation in act and in course in his country, has said such the meetings may seem to reflect an interest in the questions concerning the Syrian Arab Republic and its people and populations, but they do not have and care these. The gouvernments of the other countries are trying to take the advantage of the attention of the Security Council of the United Nations to undermine the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic, which is, in fact, protecting its citizens against the terrorist organizations, he has said, emphasizing that all the member states must respect the unity, the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic.
Unfortunately, despite to the launch of the Constitutional Committee, some gouvernments have taken economic actions to hinder the efforts developed and ruled by the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic and by its allies to fight the terrorism, he has continued, noting that the regime imposed by Erdoğan in the Turkey has launched the military activities and operations in the territories of the Syrian Arab Republic and continues to protect the terrorists crossing the borders through the territory of the Turkey. He also has provided of the weapons to the terrorist groups that use the Syrian civilians as human shields. He went on to reaffirm that the gouvernatorate of the province and the city of Idlib is territory of the Syrian Arab Republic and is at the actual moment controlled and sieged by the terrorist organizations, stressing that the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic must and will continue to fight the terrorism on its own territory.
Having liberated the territory occupied and sieged by terrorists for years, millions of Syrians citizens have demonstrated their joy, in theterritories of the province and in the city of Aleppo and also elsewhere, after having been bombed daily by the terrorist organizations, he has said, adding that many Syrians are returning to their homes and the gouvernment will guarantee their protection and security. Calling upon at the humanitarian organizations to provide forms of the assistance instead of publishing reports that do not reflect the reality, he has expressed disappointment and regret because of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the other agencies of the United Nations are not delivering shipments of the aid through they have agreed the crossing and the hub points. He also has pointed out the presence of the armed and military forces of the United States of America in his country, the Syrian Arab Republic. The gouvernment must continue its fight against the terrorism, he has reiterated.

Mr. FERIDUN SINIRLIOĞLU (Turkey), has noted and said that his country will continue in the action of working with the partners to address the humanitarian concerns. Noting that the gouvernment of the Syrian Arab Republic has carried out in relentless manner the activities and the operations of the air and of the ground attacks that are continued under the pretext of combating the terrorism, he has said that the army, the aviation army, the mercenaries and the militiamen of the syrian gouvernmental authoristies and of the gouvernment have killed more than 1,700 (one-thousand seven-hundred) civilians since the month of may of the year 2019. Such of these actions constitute in committing war crimes and crimes against the humanity, he has emphasized. He went on to note that the Gouvernment of the Turkey is cooperating with the Office for the Coordination of the Humanitarian Affairs to increase the capacity of the humanitarian mechanism of the aid furnished and supplied proximity of the cross-borders with the country from him represented and with the Germany to alleviate the shelter needs in the province and in the city of Idlib. As the President Erdoğan has announced in the course of the last week that the Turkey will hit all the targets that pose an immediate threat. «We will not withdraw our forces and will not abandon our observation posts», he has said, adding that it is the syrian regime that should withdraw from its current positions. A lasting ceasefire is the only option to end the biggest humanitarian and catastrophic horror history of the twenty-first century, he has said, calling for an immediate cessation of the hostilities, the full implementation of the “Sochi Memorandum” on the question inherent at the province and at the city of Idlib, and the return to the “status quo ante”. The gouvernment of the Turkey will continue the series of the contacts with the gouvernment of the Russian Federation to ensure that the syrian regime acts in compliance with the existing frameworks on on the question inherent at the province and at the city of Idlib, he has stressed.

Mr. LOUAY FALLOUH (Syrian Arab Republic), also taking the floor for a second time, has asked how the terrorists, because of murderous Erdoğan regime can claim that it is keen to protect the interests of syrian people, since thousands of terrorists that have crossed from the Turkey to commit the worst crimes in his country, in Syrian Arab Republic. The Turkey also pillages the natural resources of the Syrian Arab Republic, he has added.

Mr. FERIDUN SINIRLIOĞLU (Turkey) has said that the previous speaker does not represent the people of the Syrian Arab Republic, adding that his delegation represents the bloody regime does not deserve a seat behind the nameplate of the Syrian Arab Republic.

Mr. LOUAY FALLOUH (Syrian Arab Republic) has said that his delegation does not derive the legitimacy from the murderous Erdoğan regime.

Mr. FERIDUN SINIRLIOĞLU (Turkey) has expressed regret that the previous speaker has exploited his presence to repeat the same delusions over the last nine years during the whose course of war and combat, starvation, sieges, tortures and violences.

United Nations, New York, the 19th of february 2020

Benedetto Loprete

Source:
The 19th of february 2020:
SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th
on the question inherent at the situation of crisis in the Middle East over the conflict in course in the Syria. The activities of combat and hostilities in the Syria and in particular in the province and in the city of Idlib.

Source:
The 19th of february 2020:
SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th
on the question inherent at the situation of crisis in the Middle East over the conflict in course in the Syria. The activities of combat and hostilities in the Syria and in particular in the province and in the city of Idlib.

Source:
The 19th of february 2020:
SC/14114: United Nations Security Council Meeting n. 8727th
on the question inherent at the situation of crisis in the Middle East over the conflict in course in the Syria. The activities of combat and hostilities in the Syria and in particular in the province and in the city of Idlib.